Saint Petersburg

Top: The English Embankment with
Saint Isaac's Cathedral, Peter and Paul Fortress,
Middle left: The Winter Palace,
Middle right: Peterhof,
Bottom: Nevsky Prospekt at night.
59°57′N 30°19′E / 59.95°N 30.317°E / 59.95; 30.317Coordinates: 59°57′N 30°19′E / 59.95°N 30.317°E / 59.95; 30.317
Coat of arms Flag
City Day: May 27
Political status Federal city
Federal district Northwestern
Economic region Northwestern
ISO 3166-2:RU
Area 1,439 km2
Area 606 km2
2002 Census 4,661,219
- Rank 4th
- Rank 2nd
- Density 3,239.2/km²
Latest estimate
Head Valentina Matviyenko
Legislative body Legislative Assembly
Charter Charter of Saint Petersburg
Founded May 27, 1703
Became the capital of Russia May 8, 1713
Renamed Petrograd August 31, 1914
Capital moved back to Moscow 1918
Renamed Leningrad January 26, 1924
Renamed St. Petersburg November 1, 1991
Other information
Postal code 190000–199406
Dialing code +7 812
Official website

Saint Petersburg , tr.: Sankt-Peterburg, Russian pronunciation: ) is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The city's other names were Petrograd and Leningrad . It is often called just Petersburg and is informally known as Piter .

Founded by Tsar Peter I of Russia on 27 May, 1703, it was the capital of the Russian Empire for more than two hundred years . Saint Petersburg ceased being the capital in 1918 after the Russian Revolution of 1917. It is Russia's second largest city after Moscow with 4.6 million inhabitants, and over 6 million people live in its vicinity. Saint Petersburg is a major European cultural centre, and an important Russian port on the Baltic Sea.

Saint Petersburg is often described as the most Western city of Russia. Among cities of the world with over one million people, Saint Petersburg is the northernmost. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Russia's political and cultural centre for 200 years, the city is sometimes referred to in Russia as the northern capital. A large number of foreign consulates, international corporations, banks and other businesses are located in Saint Petersburg.

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